Israelitedescendant of the Hebrew patriarch Jacobwhose name was changed to Israel after an all-night fight at Penuel near the stream of Jabbok Genesis In early history, Israelites were simply members of the 12 tribes of Israel.
After bce and the establishment of two independent Hebrew kingdoms in Palestine, the 10 northern tribes constituting the kingdom of Israel were known as Israelites to distinguish them from the southern kingdom of Judah. The northern kingdom was conquered by the Assyrians in bceand its population was eventually absorbed by other peoples.
In liturgical usage, an Israelite is a Jew who is neither a cohen descendant of Aaronthe first high priest nor a Levite descendant of early religious functionaries.
The distinction is significant, for if a cohen is present for synagogue service, he must be called up first for the reading of the Law; he is then followed by a Levite. Normally, therefore, an Israelite is not called up until the third reading. Israelite Article Media Additional Info.
Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Catholic Encyclopedia - Israelites. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History. Read More on This Topic. Like all preindustrial societies, ancient Israel first experienced a type of education that was essentially familial; that is to say, the Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.
Like all preindustrial societies, ancient Israel first experienced a type of education that was essentially familial; that is to say, the mother taught the very young and the girls, while the father assumed the responsibility of providing moral, religious, and handcraft instruction for…. The exact origin of the Hebrews is not known with certainty, but the biblical tradition of their origin in a clan that migrated from Mesopotamia to Canaan Palestine early in the 2nd millennium bce has….It is interesting that the Wall is not a part of the Temple, but is considered a shrine being too close to it.
The stone structure meters long and 15 meters high. Western Wall is the most holy place for Jews from all over the world. Every day thousands of Israelis come to the wall. Turning with prayers to God, people put small papers notes between the stones of the wall. Every month, all messages are collected by a special employee and buried on the Mount of Olives. The holy wall is visited by other tourists too: Christians and representatives of other religions come here to pray. The most important rule for them is proper clothing.
Saturdays and holidays are overcrowded time here. The modern traditions are also held at this sacred place: Israel Defense Forces soldiers swear here as also the festives of the Day of the Liberation of Jerusalem and the Independence Day of Israel are held near the Western Wall. The climate of Jerusalem is quite warm. The winter is rainy, sometimes with snowfalls, and the summer is dry. Since the city is located in the mountainous subtropics, there are short changes in temperature and humidity during the day.
I'm a small banner and I'm just trying to make money for my creator. Western Wall JerusalemIsrael. Choose country Israel. Choose city Jerusalem. Tel Aviv Jerusalem Caesarea. Camera doesn't work Send. Hi Dear User I'm a small banner and I'm just trying to make money for my creator.View Alerts and Messages Archive. Norway is a party to the Schengen Agreement. This means that U. Your passport should be valid for at least three months beyond the period of stay.
You need sufficient funds and a return airline ticket. Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe.
European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks. However, all European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations. All U. Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
Victims may also contact:. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is widely available throughout the country. Outside of a major metropolitan center, it may take more time for first responders and medical professionals to stabilize a patient and provide life-saving assistance.
If you plan to travel to Svalbard, please see more information below. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws.
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If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be deported, arrested, or imprisoned. Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. Embassy immediately.
Medical facilities are widely available and of high quality, but may be limited outside larger urban areas. The remote and sparse populations in northern Norway and the dependence on ferries to cross fjords of western Norway may affect transportation and ready access to medical facilities. The U. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Norway Environment - current issues
Rural road conditions are fair, and the availability of roadside assistance is limited. Traffic Laws: Norwegian law requires that drivers always use headlights when driving. Norwegian law also requires drivers to yield to vehicles coming from the right, except in a traffic circle, when drivers are required to yield to vehicles already in the circle.Stay informed.
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In the last 5 minutes.Norway is a popular tourist destination year-round, thanks to its gorgeous green fjords in the summer and the northern lights in the winter. This is due to the warmth of the Gulf Stream, which results in a temperate climate for much of the country.
The coastal areas have a climate with cooler summers. Winters are relatively moderate and rainy with little snow or frost. Weather in Norway is best between May and September when it's usually mild and clear. In midwinter, daylight lasts five to six hours in southern Norway while darkness prevails in the north. Oslo Oslo experiences warm summers and cold winters, but due to the oceanic influence, winters are warmer than you might expect. The city receives a significant amount of rainfall throughout the year with an average of 30 inches.
January is typically the coldest month, with three out of four days recording temperatures below freezing. Bergen Bergen is set in a temperate oceanic climate, with abundant rainfall, averaging more than 85 inches per year.
Temperatures rarely exceed 80 degrees Fahrenheit 27 degrees Celsius in the summer months and average around 36 degrees Fahrenheit 2 degrees Celsius during the winter. Trondheim Trondheim, situated in central Norway, has an oceanic climate with plenty of snowfall from November through March. The average summertime temperature rarely exceeds 70 degrees Fahrenheit 21 degrees Celsiuswith an average high temperature just above freezing during the winter months.
There are 14 days of winter that have at least 10 inches of snow on the ground. Inthe city set a record with 95 inches of snow on the ground at the weather recording station.
Summers are cool and sometimes rainy, with average high temperatures around 60 degrees Fahrenheit 16 degrees Celsius.Geography Now - Norway Reaction - Alt for Norge!
In spring, the snow melts, there's a lot of sunlight and temperatures quickly rise, usually in May. Southern Norway starts to see warmer temperatures as early as April and daylight also starts to increase. May, in particular, is a good time to visit as temperatures are warm enough to enjoy time outside, but it's not overly crowded with tourists.
Snow might still blanket many parts of the country, but in the south temperatures are warming up. In general, you'll still want plenty of warm clothes—sweaters, jeans, waterproof shoes—as well as a waterproof jacket or anorak. Come summer, high temperatures in Norway are usually in the high 60s to low 70s Fahrenheit 20 to 22 degrees Celsiusbut can rise into the mids Fahrenheit 30 degrees Celsiuseven farther north.Environment - current issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions.
Definition: This entry lists the most pressing and important environmental problems. The following terms and abbreviations are used throughout the entry: Acidification - the lowering of soil and water pH due to acid precipitation and deposition usually through precipitation; this process disrupts ecosystem nutrient flows and may kill freshwater fish and plants dependent on more neutral or alkaline conditions see acid rain. Acid rain - characterized as containing harmful levels of sulfur dioxide or nitrogen oxide; acid rain is damaging and potentially deadly to the earth's fragile ecosystems; acidity is measured using the pH scale where 7 is neutral, values greater than 7 are considered alkaline, and values below 5.
Aerosol - a collection of airborne particles dispersed in a gas, smoke, or fog.
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Afforestation - converting a bare or agricultural space by planting trees and plants; reforestation involves replanting trees on areas that have been cut or destroyed by fire. Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form.Write dissertation interim report
Biodiversity - also biological diversity; the relative number of species, diverse in form and function, at the genetic, organism, community, and ecosystem level; loss of biodiversity reduces an ecosystem's ability to recover from natural or man-induced disruption. Bio-indicators - a plant or animal species whose presence, abundance, and health reveal the general condition of its habitat.
Biomass - the total weight or volume of living matter in a given area or volume. Carbon cycle - the term used to describe the exchange of carbon in various forms, e. Catchments - assemblages used to capture and retain rainwater and runoff; an important water management technique in areas with limited freshwater resources, such as Gibraltar.
DDT dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health.Geometry essay ghostwriting for hire
Deforestation - the destruction of vast areas of forest e. Desertification - the spread of desert-like conditions in arid or semi-arid areas, due to overgrazing, loss of agriculturally productive soils, or climate change.
Dredging - the practice of deepening an existing waterway; also, a technique used for collecting bottom-dwelling marine organisms e. Drift-net fishing - done with a net, miles in extent, that is generally anchored to a boat and left to float with the tide; often results in an over harvesting and waste of large populations of non-commercial marine species by-catch by its effect of "sweeping the ocean clean.
Effluent s - waste materials, such as smoke, sewage, or industrial waste which are released into the environment, subsequently polluting it. Endangered species - a species that is threatened with extinction either by direct hunting or habitat destruction. Freshwater - water with very low soluble mineral content; sources include lakes, streams, rivers, glaciers, and underground aquifers.
Greenhouse gas - a gas that "traps" infrared radiation in the lower atmosphere causing surface warming; water vapor, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and ozone are the primary greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere. Groundwater - water sources found below the surface of the earth often in naturally occurring reservoirs in permeable rock strata; the source for wells and natural springs.
Highlands Water Project - a series of dams constructed jointly by Lesotho and South Africa to redirect Lesotho's abundant water supply into a rapidly growing area in South Africa; while it is the largest infrastructure project in southern Africa, it is also the most costly and controversial; objections to the project include claims that it forces people from their homes, submerges farmlands, and squanders economic resources.
Inuit Circumpolar Conference ICC - represents the roughlyInuits of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Russia in international environmental issues; a General Assembly convenes every three years to determine the focus of the ICC; the most current concerns are long-range transport of pollutants, sustainable development, and climate change.
Metallurgical plants - industries which specialize in the science, technology, and processing of metals; these plants produce highly concentrated and toxic wastes which can contribute to pollution of ground water and air when not properly disposed. Noxious substances - injurious, very harmful to living beings.Writing high school resume powerpoint
Overgrazing - the grazing of animals on plant material faster than it can naturally regrow leading to the permanent loss of plant cover, a common effect of too many animals grazing limited range land. Ozone shield - a layer of the atmosphere composed of ozone gas O3 that resides approximately 25 miles above the Earth's surface and absorbs solar ultraviolet radiation that can be harmful to living organisms. Poaching - the illegal killing of animals or fish, a great concern with respect to endangered or threatened species.
Pollution - the contamination of a healthy environment by man-made waste.Don't have an account? Please register to use personal recommendations and participate in sweepstakes. Please enter your email address for this account.
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